Destroyed in 1447 by the Venetians, in 1566 was sacked, destroyed and burnt by the Turks. In 1582 it became a fief of the Duchess of Parma, the Farnese and Margaret of Austria, followed by her son: this was the beginning of a slow decline. During the Second World War, Ortona suffered severe damage to its architectural heritage from the bombings during the so-called "battle of Ortona" (1943).
Ortona, Province of Chieti, Abruzzo
Ortona rises on a hill, surrounded by vineyards. It's a lively commercial and fishing town, as well as being a very popular seaside resort and one of the main artistic centers of the region.
- Altitude: 72 m a.s.l
- Distance from Chieti: 34 km
- Population: ca. 23900 inhabitants in 2010
- Postal code: 66026
- Dialing Area Code: +39 085
- How to reach it: by motorway, A14 exit Ortona; by road, SS 16 Adriatica.
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The comune includes the following frazioni: Acquabella, Alboreto, Aquilano, Arielli, Bardella, Bavi, Caldari, Caldari Stazione, Cappellini, Casone, Ciampino, Civitarese, Colombo, Cucullo, Feudo, Fontegrande, Fonticelli, Foro di Ortona, Fossato, Gagliarda Alta, Gagliarda Bassa, Ghiomera, Lazzaretto, Madonna delle Grazie, Moro, Morrecine, Peticcio, Postilli, Ranchini, Riccio, Ripari, Bardella, Ripari di Giobbe, Rogatti, Ruscitti, San Donato, San Giuliano, San Marco, San Martino, San Pietro, Santa Liberata, Santa Lucia, Sant'Andrea, Sant'Elena, Saraceni, Savini, Schiavi, Tamarete, Taverna Nuova, Torre Mucchia, Torre Pizzis, Vaccari, Villa Carlone, Villa Deo, Villa Grande, Villa Iubatti,Villa Iurisci, Villa Magna, Villa Panaro, Villa Pincione, Villa San Leonardo, Villa San Nicola, Villa San Tommaso, Villa Sarchese, Villa Torre
Ancient artifacts trace its origins back to the 6th century BC. Ortona grew significantly during the Roman era, as documented by historian Strabo, who described it as "the port and arsenal of Frentani." In the 12th and 13th centuries AD it was ruled by the Swabians, which contributed to its revival: its port became an important center of trade with the East.
What to see
- The ruins of the imposing Castello Aragonese (1452), from which a panoramic road slopes down to the Adriatic coast.
- The Cathedral of San Tommaso Apostolo, with a beautiful portal of the 14th century
- The Palazzo de Sanctis
- The Palace of Margherita d'Austria, which houses the Museo Civico
- The Pinacoteca Cascella.
- The Palazzo Farnese.
- The church of Santa Maria of Constantinople.
- The church of St. Catherine
- The Tostiano Museum, dedicated to musician Francesco Paolo Tosti.
- The former Convent of the Capuchins, with splendid baroque altars.
- The Remains of the Church of St. Marco (7th-8th century), just outside the town.
- At Contrada Morrecine between Ortona and Tollo, the so-called Pietra di Morrecine, a construction of the early centuries AD in opus mixtum et coementicium, of almost cubic shape, possibly a mausoleum.
Events and Festivities
- 20 January: Feast St. Sebastiano.
- 1 to 3 May: Festa del Perdono (=Feast of Forgiveness), in honor of St. Thomas the Apostle.
- July: Festival of ham and melon.
- August: "Maggiolata", with a parade of waggons and folk choirs.
- August: Mullet Festival.