San Clemente a Casauria
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Benedictines in Abruzzo
In 910-911 the Saracens destroyed the monastery, which was rebuilt in 916. To defend themselves against future invasions, the Casaurienses began to fortify all the "villae" under their control. Always under the imperial protection, they gained also the Pope's benevolence: on 22 June 1051 a document by Pope Leo IX confirmed all the possessions of the monastery. In 1078 the Normans led by the terrible Ugo di Girberto ("Maumouzet"), destroyed the monastery and appointed abbots loyal to him.
In 1152 Leonate, became abbot of San Clemente and with the protection also of king William I started a reconstruction of the monastery, destroyed in the course of Norman raids. He ordered the famous bronze doors and started one of the greatest document of the Early Middle Ages: the "Chronicon Casauriense". On Leonate's death (1182) the decadence began, and in the following centuries Casauria lost all its possessions.
- 1. Pope Hadrian II entrusts Ludwig II with the relics of Saint Clemens
- 2. Ludwig gives the urn to two monks, Celsus and Beatus, who will take it on the back of a donkey to the island where the abbey is being built
- 3. Ludwig gives the sceptre, symbol of imperial favour, to Romanus, the first abbot
- 4. A Frank count and the Bishop of Penne give up their rights to the territory.