The Massacre of Monte Sole
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The authors showed instead how the Nazi reprisal was not at all an emotional reaction to the actions of the Stella Rossa partisan brigade and its commander Lupo, but a military action planned with extreme rationality and cynicism, with the goal to «kill them all», because among those "all" there would actually be also the partisans.
At the time the news of the massacre were denied and minimized by the Fascist authorities and the local press, and only after the Liberation the true extent of the massacre in the Bologna Apennines was revealed. At the end of the war, Walter Reder was tried and sentenced to life in 1951, but later pardoned on the intercession of the Austrian government.
It was a crime against humanity and one of the most serious war crimes committed against the civilian population, instigated by Albert Kesselring, responsible for conducting the anti-partisan war in Italy and carried out by the Wehrmacht, the SS and fascist soldiers disguised as German troops.