One form is by far the most original: the polyvocal "Canto a Tenores", a choir of four male voices typical of central Sardinia. The leading voice ("boghe") sings the basic melody, the other voices are the "basciu", which remains on the same tone, though very heavy, as the lead voice, then the "contra" and finally the very high "mesa oghe". The three minor voices enter immediately after the boghe chanting rhythmic syllables that have no logical sense (bim-ba-rim, etc.). Some of the finest songs were made known to the world by singer Maria Carta (Siligo, 1934 – Rome, 1994), and other Sardinian texts are being re-discovered by contemporary performers.
Dance is one of the most interesting aspects of Sardinian folklore, going back to prehistoric times, and were accompanied by an instrument called "Launeddas". Dances were connected with the cult of Fire; still nowadays some festivals (for St. Anthony and St. John) are celebrated with dances around big bonfires. These dances were not just mere entertainment, but a direct expression of the belonging to a group; in Sardinian dance the attitude of the dancer must be restrained and serious, and the basic rhythmic movement is above the trunk.
Sardegna regional songs
In a very limited surface area (under 24,000 sqkm) Sardinia boasts a diverse musical heritage, with a traditional music among the richest and oldest in the Mediterranean.
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