The "Primavera", Sandro Botticelli
The Mythological Interpretation
In the center, on a higher position, is Venus, symbol of the highest love, overlooking the scene around, and above her head Cupid, her son, flies and targets his arrow to the centre od the dancing group. To the left of Venus are the three Graces, dancing. On the far left is Mercury, the messenger of the gods with wings at his feet, who with his Caduceus dispels the clouds to keep an eternal spring.
The Philosophical Interpretation
The Historical Interpretation
But the central Grace might also be Simonetta Cattaneo (Fezzano, January 1453 - Florence, 26 April 1476), the wife of Marco Vespucci, loved by Giuliano de' Medici, and considered by his contemporaries the most beautiful woman alive, who was Sandro Botticelli's model for the "Birth of Venus" and other paintings. Among other things, the painter asked to be buried in the church of Ognissanti, Florence, at the feet of Simonetta, who died of consumption at the age of 23.