Name GIOVANNI and variations
It was the third name for distribution in Italy in the 20th century, after Giuseppe and Antonio, probably the first in the world, with all its variants. The name derives from the Hebrew Yehochanan, consisting of "yeho" (or Yah), short for Yahweh, the proper name of God in the Jewish tradition, always appointed by the tetragrammaton (YHWH), and "Chanan" which means "he had mercy (or grace)". The literal meaning would be "God had mercy (or grace)" or "Gift of God". The English name Hank, originally derived by John (because of the medieval diminutive Hankin) is now used as a diminutive of Henry.
In the past it was often given to a long-awaited son, born when the parents had already lost hope of being welcomed by the birth of a child.
The listings collected from the white pages for Italy are based on the online phone directory for the years 2000-2005.
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Surnames starting with:
Di Giovanni and compounds; Di Giovanni and compounds; Ianni, Nanni
- Gianni, Giannetto, Giannino, Giovannino, Ioanni, Ianni, Nanni
- Compounds with Giovanni: Giovanbattista, Giovacchino, Giovanmaria
- Compounds with Gianni: Gianpaolo, Gianandrea, Gianantonio, Gianbattista, Gianbruno, Giancarlo, Giandomenico, Giandonato, Gianfilippo, Gianfranco, Giangaetano, Gianlorenzo, Gianluca, Gianluigi, Gianpasquale, Gianpiero, Gianmarco, Gianmario, Gianmatteo, Gianmauro, Gianvito.
- Nanni, Vanni, Nino, Zani, Ivano
- Dialect forms - in Veneto Nane, Xani, Joàni; In Liguria and Lombardy Giuan, Giuanin, Gioan: in Naples Giuann, in friulan Jùan, and Sardinian Giuànni.
In other languages
- Czech: Jan, Honza Jana
- Danish: Hans, Jens, Jan
- Dutch: Han, Hannes, Hans
- English: John, Johnny, Jack; Joan, Joanna, Joanne, Joann, JoAnn, JoAnne, Jan, Jane, Jayne, Jayna, Janet, Janice, Janis, Jean, Jeane, Jeanne, Jeannie
- French: Jean
- German: Hans, Hannes, Johannes, Johann, Jan
- Greek: Ioannis, Yiannis
- Hungarian: János
- Irish: Seán, Eoin, Sinéad
- Latin: Iohannes, Ioannes
- Norwegian: Johan, Johannes
- Portuguese: João, Ivo
- Romanian: Ioan, Ionut, Ionel
- Russian: Ivan
- Spanish: Juan
- Welsh: Evan
Of the over 300 saints and Blessed with the name Giovanni, the two most famous are St. John the Baptist (24 June and 28 August, birth and death respectively) and St John the Apostle (27 December).
St John the Baptist is celebrated as patron of Firenze, Torino, Genova on 24 June. He is also the patron saint of blacksmiths, hoteliers, musicians, knife-makers, tailors and sweeps. According to tradition, he is prayed to stop hail, to cure epilepsy, convulsions and spasms.The painting below represents St. John the Baptist by Andrea Mantegna, and is in the church of San Zeno, Verona.