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ItalyHeritageItalian regionsAbruzzoHeritage EzineFebruary 2002 ➩ The Three Abruzzi

The Three Abruzzi





Anciently Abruzzo was not a political or ethnographic entity; it was inhabited by various populations (Sabines, Equi, Peligni, Marsi, Vestini) who maintained their name even after they were conquered by the Romans. Octavianus Augustus, the first Roman emperor, transformed the Abruzzi territory into the "Quarta Regio", that under Hadrian took the name of "provincia" (the Roman Empire was divided into Provinciae). After Constantine (313 AD) the Roman Empire was divided into an Eastern and a Western part. The Western Roman Empire then in 476 AD was occupied by the Goths and Abruzzo was divided into principalities, dukedoms and countdoms.

In 1234 Frederick II of Swabia, King of the two Sicilies, reestablished for Abruzzo the ancient name of "Province". At that time the term Aprutium first comes into use (derived probably by the Pretutii inhabiting the area of Teramo). In 1273 Charles of Anjou divided the Iustitieratus Aprutiensis into two parts setting the Pescara river as boundary: the province of Aquila, called Aprutium Ultra (ultra meaning beyond the Pescara river, as seen from Naples) and the province of Chieti, on the right, or Aprutium Citra (citra meaning this side of the Pescara river).

Only in the 1684 Charles II of Spain organized Abruzzo in three separate provinces: Abruzzo Citra (Chieti), Abruzzo Ultra I (Teramo) and Abruzzo Ultra II (Aquila). With the unity of Italy in 1861 the three provinces were called province of Aquila, province of Teramo and province of Chieti. Each province was divided into "circondari"; every circondario into "mandamenti" and every mandamento into "comuni".

The Province of Aquila
The Province of Aquila, Abruzzo Ulteriore II, was divided into four circondari.

The CIRCONDARIO OF AQUILA included the following mandamenti:
Aquila with the communes of Aquila, Bagno , Ocre, Roio Piano; Barisciano with the communes of Barisciano, Calascio, Castel del Monte, Poggio Picenze, San Pio delle Camere, Santo Stefano di Sessanio; Capestrano with the communes of Capestrano, Bussi di Tirino, Caporciano, Carapelle Calvisio, Collepietro, Navelli, Ofena; Castelvecchio Subequo with the communes of Castelvecchio Subequo, Acciano, Castel di Ieri, Gagliano Aterno, Goriano Sicoli, Molina Aterno, Secinaro; Montereale with the communes of Montereale, Campotosto, Capitignano; Paganica with the communes of Paganica and Camarda; Pizzoli with the communes of Pizzoli, Arischia, Barete, Cagnano Amiterno; San Demetrio Nei Vestini with the communes of San Demetrio, Fagnano Alto, Fontecchio, Fossa, Prata D'Ansidonia, Rocca di Cambio, Rocca di Mezzo, Sant'Eusanio Forconese, Tione, Villa Sant'Angelo; Sassa with the communes of Sassa, Lucoli, Preturo, Scoppito and Tornimparte.

The CIRCONDARIO OF AVEZZANO included the following mandamenti:
Avezzano with the communes of Avezzano, Capistrello, Magliano dei Marsi, Massa d'Albe and Scurcola; Carsoli with the communes of Carsoli and Pereto; Celano with the communes of Celano, Aielli and Ovindoli; Civitella Roveto with the communes of Civitella Roveto, Balsorano, Canistro, Civita d'Antino, Morino, San Vincenzo Valle Roveto; Gioia dei Marsi with the communes of Gioia dei Marsi, Lecce nei Marsi, Opi, Ortucchio, Pescasseroli; Pescina with the communes of Pescina, Bisegna, Cerchio, Cocullo, Collarmele, Ortona dei Marsi; Tagliacozzo with the communes of Tagliacozzo, Cappadocia, Castellafiume and Sante Marie; Trasacco with the communes of Trasacco, Collelongo, Luco dei Marsi and Villavallelonga; Carsoli with the communes of Carsoli, Oricola, Rocca di Botte.

The CIRCONDARIO OF CITTADUCALE included the following mandamenti:
Cittaducale with the communes of Cittaducale, Cantalice, Lugnano di Villa Troiana; Amatrice with the communes of Amtrice and Accumuli; Antrodoco with the communes of Antrodoco, Borgo Velino, Castel Sant'Angelo and Micigliano; Borbona with the communes of Borbona, Cittareale and Posta; Borgocollefegato with the communes of Borgocollefegato and Pescorocchiano; Fiamignano with the communes of Fiamignano and Petrella Salto; Leonessa con Leonessa.

The CIRCONDARIO OF SULMONA included the following mandamenti:
Sulmona with the communes of Sulmona, Campo di Giove, Pacentro, Pettorano sul Gizio and Rocca Pia; Introdacqua with the communes of Introdacqua, Anversa and Bugnara; Castel di Sangro with the communes of Castel di Sangro, Alfedena, Barrea, Civitella Alfedena, Scontrone and Villetta Barrea; Pescocostanzo with the communes of Pescocostanzo, Ateleta, Rivisondoli and Roccaraso; Popoli with the communes of Popoli and Roccacasale; Pratola Peligna with the communes of Pratola Peligna, Pentima, Prezza, Raiano and Vittorito; Scanno with the communes of Scanno and Villalago.

The Province of Teramo
The Province of Teramo, or Abruzzo Ulteriore (Ultra) I, was divided into two circondari.

The CIRCONDARIO OF TERAMO included the following mandamenti:
Atri with the communes of Atri, Castilenti, Cellino Attanasio, Montefino, Mutignano and Silvi; Campli with the communes of Campli, Bellante, Rocca Santa Maria and Valle Castellana; Civitella del Tronto con il comune di Civitella del Tronto; Giulianova with the communes of Giulianova, Mosciano Sant'Angelo and Tortoreto; Montorio al Vomano with the communes of Montorio al Vomano, Cortino and Crognaleto; Nereto with the communes of Nereto, Ancarano, Colonnellla, Controguerra, Corropoli, Sant'Egidio alla Vibrata, Sant'Omero and Torano Nuovo; Notaresco with the communes of Notaresco, Castellalto, Montepagano, Morro d'Oro; Teramo with the communes of Teramo, Canzano and Torricella Sicura; Tossicia with the communes of Tossicia, Castelli, Castiglione della Valle, Fano Adriano, Isola del Gran Sasso and Pietracamela.

The CIRCONDARIO OF PENNE included the following mandamenti:
Penne with the communes of Penne, Farindola and Montebello di Bertona; Bisenti with the communes of Bisenti, Basciano, Bacucco, Castel Castagna, Castiglione Messer Raimondo, Carmignano and Penna Sant'Andrea; Catignano with the communes of Catignano, Brittoli, Carpineto della Nora, Civitaquana, Civitella Casanova, Cugnoli, Nocciano and Vicoli; Città Sant'Angelo with the communes of Città Sant'Angelo, Castellamare Adriatico, Elice and Montesilvano; Loreto Aprutino with the communes of Loreto Aprutino, Collecorvino, Moscufo and Picciano; Pianella with the communes of Pianella, Cepagatti, Rosciano, Spoltore; Torre dei Passeri with the communes of Torre dei Passeri, Alanno, Castiglione a Casauria, Corvara, Pescosansonesco and Pietranico.

The Province of Chieti
The Province of Chieti, Abruzzo Citeriore, was divided into three circondari.

The CIRCONDARIO OF CHIETI included the following mandamenti:
Caramanico with the communes of Caramanico, Musellaro, Roccacaramanico, Salle, Sant'Eufemia a Maiella; Chieti with the communes of Chieti, Bucchianico, Casalincontrada, Fara Filiorum Petri, Forcabobolina, Torrevecchia Teatina, Villamagna; Francavilla al Mare with the communes of Francavilla al Mare, Ari, Pescara, Ripa Teatina and Vacri; Guardiagrele with the communes of Guardiagrele, Casacanditella, Filetto, Pennapiedimonte, Pretoro, Rapino and San Martino sulla Marrucina; Manoppello with the communes of Manoppello, Lettomanoppello, Roccamontepiano, Serramonacesca, Turrivalignani; San Valentino in Abruzzo Citeriore with the communes of San Valentino, Abbateggio, Bolognano, Roccamorice, Tocco di Casauria; Tollo with the communes of Tollo, Aielli, Canosa Sannita, Giuliano Teatino, Miglianico, Villarielli.

The CIRCONDARIO OF LANCIANO included the following mandamenti: Lanciano with the communes of Lanciano, Fossacesia, Frisa, Mozzagrogna, Rocca San Giovanni, Santa Maria Imbaro, Treglio; Casoli coi comuni di Casoli, Altino, Roccascalegna and Palombaro; Lama dei Peligni with the communes of Lama, Civitella Messer Raimondo, Fara San Martino, Taranta Peligna; Orsogna with the communes of Orsogna, Castelfrentano, Sant'Eusanio del Sangro; Ortona with the communes of Ortona, Crecchio and San Vito Chietino; Palena with the communes of Palena, Colle di Macine, Gamberale, Lettopalena and Pizzoferrato; Torricella Peligna with the communes of Torricella, Fallascoso, Gessopalena, Montenerodomo; Villa Santa Maria with the communes of Villa Santa Maria, Borrello, Buonanotte, Civitaluparella, Fallo, Montelapiano, Pennadomo, Quadri, Roio del Sangro and Rosello.

The CIRCONDARIO OF VASTO included the following mandamenti:
Vasto with the communes of Vasto, Cupello, Monteodorisio, San Salvo; Atessa with the communes of Atessa, Casalanguida, Tornareccio; Bomba with the communes of Bomba, Archi, Colledimezzo, Montazzoli, Monteferrante, Perano and Pietraferrazzana; Casalbordino with the communes of Casalbordino, Pollutri, Scerni, Villalfonsina; Castiglione Messer Marino with the communes of Castiglione Messer Marino, Castelguidone, Fraine, Roccaspinalveti, Schiavi d'Abruzzo; Celenza sul Trigno with the communes of Celenza sul Trigno, Carunchio, Palmoli, San Giovanni Lipioni, Torrebruna, Tufillo; Gissi with the communes of Gissi, Carpineto Sinello, Guilmi; Paglieta with the communes of Paglieta and Torino di Sangro; San Buono with the communes of San Buono, Dogliola, Fresagrandinaria, Furci, Lentella and Liscia.