CALABRESE, CALABRESI, CALABRO: Originary of the region of Calabria
CALASSO: From the pre-Latin word "cala" = steep side of the mountain, that gave the name to many localities
CALDARARO, CALDERARA: From the job of the "calderaro", craftsman making pots
CALEFFI, CALIFFA: From the Arab word "halaf" from which derives "caliph"
CAMAIONI: Possibly originary from the town of Camaioni, province of Florence
CAMBISE, CAMBISI: From the first name Cambise
CAMILLI, CAMILLO: From the first name Camillo; name given by the Romans to the young men that started the novitiatus
CAMPANA, CAMPANELLI: As a nickname from campana, "bell", or from a place called Campana (a municipality in the province of Cosenza)
CAMPETTI, CAMPISANO, CAMPITELLI, CAMPITELLO: From the word "campo, campus" = field
CAMPLI, CAMPLONE, CAMPLONI, CAMPOINI, CAMPOLI, CAMPOLO, CAMPONI: To indicate people coming from the town of Campli, province of Teamo. The word derives from "campo, campus" = field
CANDELORA, CANDELORI, CANDELORO: Connected to the "candela" (candle) as an ancient profession as maker of candles, or a nickname
CANNARSA: A nickname meaning "dry throat" jokingly given to someone who drinks excessively
CANTAGALLI, CANTAGALLO: From the name of a place (a municipality in the Province of Prato) or a nickname from the expression "singing roaster"
CAPANNA, CAPANNOLE, CAPANNOLI, CAPANNOLO, CAPANNULE: A nickname from the word meaning "hut, cabin"
CAPORALE, CAPORALI: From a medieval profession, the caporale was a head directing and recruiting farm-laborers
CAPPELLA, CAPPELLETTI: A nickname from the word meaning "chapel"
CAPRA, CAPRILE, CAPRIONI, CAPRIOTTI: A nickname from the animal "capra" (goat)
CAPUANA, CAPUANELLA, CAPUANELLO, CAPUANI: Originary of Capua
CAPUZZA, CAPUZZI, CAPUZZO: A nickname from the word capo meaning "head" or "boss"
CARACENI: From the name of an ancient Italic population
CARAMANICI, CARAMANICO: From the place of Caramanico
CARDARELLA, CARDARELLI, CARDARELLO, CARDELLA, CARDELLI, CARDELLO, CARDINI, CARDONE: Possibly derived from the verb "cardare", meaning treating wool. Possibly a diminutive of Riccardo, first name Rikhard or from the ancient French name Richard
CARLI, CARLOMAGNO, CARLUCCI: From the first name Carlo
CARMINE: From the first name Carmine
CARNEVALE, CARNEVALI: Possibly a nickname from the Latin festival of Carnival
CAROFALO, CAROFANO: From the name and nickname Garofalo; also name of the carnation flower
CAROSELLA, CAROSELLI, CAROSELLO: From the "carosello", kind of medieval representation, and used as a nickname
CAROTA, CAROTE, CAROTI: Originally a nickname possibly referring to the color of the hair (carrot)
CARRIERE, CARRIERI, CARRIERO: From the job of carriere, wagon driver
CARUSELLI, CARUSELLO: See Carosello
CASALETTO, CASALI, CASALINO: From the Latin casalis, meaning small village in the countryside
CASARO, CASARI: From the job casearius, cheese maker
CASTAGNA, CASTAGNI, CASTAGNOLI, CASTAGNONE: Possibly a nickname from the word castagna meaning "chestnut"
CASTAGNARO, CASTAGNERI: Possibly from someone who sells or roasts chestnuts
CASTAGNETO, CASTAGNETTI: Possibly as a place of origin, from a chestnut woods
CASTALDI, CASTALDINI: From the Lombard "gastaldo", a kind of countdom
CASTELLANI, CASTELLANO: Many ethimologies are possible: someone who lived in a castle, or coming from a place called Castelli, Castello etc
CAVALLARI: From the job of horse breeder
CAVALLO, CAVALLONI: Possibly a nickname from the word "cavallo", meaning "horse"
CECAMORE A nickname meaning "blind love"
CECCO: From the first name Cecco, short name for Francesco = Francis.
CENTOFANTE, CENTOFANTI: A nickname of medieval origin, meaning "one hundred pedestrian soldiers"
CENZI, CENZO: From the first name Censo, short name for Vincenzo = Vincent. This name comes from latin "Vincentius" = the winner
CERASA, CERASANI, CERASO, CERASOLA: A nickname from the dialect word "cerasa" meaning "cherry"
CERRA, CERRETELLI, CERRETI, CERRETO, CERRETTI, CERRI, CERRINA, CERRINO CERRIO, CERRIONE, CERRONE, CERRONI: From "cerro" meaning steep rock, used in many names of places
CESARI: From the latin first name "Cesare" = Caesar
CETRULLA, CETRULLI, CETRULLO: Originally a nickname meaning "simple minded person"
CHERUBINA, CHERUBINI, CHERUBINO: From the first name Cherubino
CHIACCHIARETTE, CHIACCHIARI: From the "chiacchiere" (chatting) possibly as a nickname
CHIAVAROLI: From the job of key maker
CHIMENTI CHIMIENTI: From the first name Clemente, deriving from the latin word "clemens" = clement, indulgent
CHIODELLI, CHIODI, CHIODINI, CHIODO, CHIODONI: From the Italian word "chiodo" meaning "nail" in connection to a job (carpenter or blacksmith) or referring to excessive thinness
CHIORRI CHIORRINI: From the first name Melchiorre, deriving from the juish name Melkior, composed by "melek" = king and "or" = light
CHIUMENTI: From the first name Clemente, deriving from the latin word "clemens" = clement, indulgent
CIANA: From first name Luciano
CIARAMELLA: From the musical instrument meaning bagpipes
CIARLARIELLI, CIARLARIELLO: From the verb "ciarlare" meaning chatting too much
CIAVATTA, CIAVATTELLA: From a dialect word meaning "slippers" possibly connected to a job (cobbler) or as a nickname for someone dressed very casually
CICCARELLI, CICCARESE, CICCHELLO, CICCHETTO, CICCHI, CICCHINELLO, CICCHINI, CICCHITO, CICCONI, CICCOTTO, CICHELLI: From the diminutive name Cicco, a variation of Cecco (Francesco)
CICCIO: A nickname possibly referring to a fat person
CICCOTOSTO: From Cicco and "tosto" (=hard character)
CINZIO CINZO: From the female first name Cinzia; this name derives from the place where Apollus and his sister Artemis (named Cynthus and Cynthia) were born: the Cinto Mountain in the Delus Island
CIPOLLETTA, CIPOLLETTI, CIPOLLETTO, CIPOLLI, CIPOLLONE: From "cipolla" (onion) possibly a nickname
CIPRIANI, CIPRIANO: Originary of Cyprus
CIRELLI, CIRELLO, CIRONE, CIRONI, CIRINO: From the first name Ciro
CIRILLO: From the first name Cirillus
CIRULLO, CIRULLI: Possibly from Ciro
CIUFFETELLI: A nickname from "ciuffo", a band of hair on the forehead
CIURCO: From the first name Giorgio, deriving from the Greek word "gheorgos" = farmer
CLEMENTE, CLEMENTINI, CLEMENTONI, CLEMENTUCCI, CLEMENZA, CLEMENZI: From the first name Clemente, deriving from the latin word "clemens" = clement, indulgent
COCCA, COCCHI, COCCO : From the first name or nickname Cocco, meaning "egg" or "dear person"
COCCIA: From the word "head" referring as a nickname to someone stubborn or with a big head or with a great intelligence
COLA, COLACICCO, COLAGIOVANNI, COLAIACOVO, COLAIANNI, COLAIEMMA, COLAIOCCO, COLAIUDA, COLAJANNI, COLALILLO, COLANDREA, COLANGELO, COLANTONIO, COLANTUONI, COLAPIETRO, COLASANTA, COLASANTE, COLASANTI, COLASANTO, COLAUCCI, COLAUSSI, COLAVITA, COLAVITO, COLELLA, COLETTA, COLETTI: From the first name Cola, short name for Nicola, and all its compounds
COLOMBANI, COLOMBERA, COLOMBINI, COLOMBO, COLOMBRINO: From the word "colombo" (=dove). Colombo is the most common surname in Lombardy, where it seems to derive from the painting of a dove on the walls of churches where infants were abandoned.
COLONNA, COLONNESE: From the word "column", also a very ancient Roman family
COLUCCI: From Cola, diminutive of Nicola
COMPAGNA, COMPAGNI, COMPAGNINI, COMPAGNO, COMPAGNONI, COMPAGNUCCI: From a word meaning companion
CONNESTABILE, CONTESTABILE, CONTESTABILI: Meaning constable, was a medieval title of honor similar to minister
CONSORTE, CONSORTI: From a Latin word meaning "associate"
CONTE, CONTI, CONTIELLO: From the word "conte", meaning count, as someone probably working for the count.
CORDESCO, CORDISCO: Possibly connected to sheep raising, being the "cordesco" a kind of lamb
CORNACCHIA, CORNACCHIONE, CORNACCHIONI: From the bird "raven" possibly a nickname for an unpleasant voice
CORNELI, CORNELIA, CORNELIO: From the first name Cornelio
CORRA', CORRADEACHI, CORRADINO, CORRADO, CORRADONE: From the first name Corrado
CORSELLINI, CORSELLO, CORSETTI, CORSINI, CORSO: Possibly originary of Corsica
CORVETTO, CORVI: From the word "corvo" meaning raven, as a nickname.
COSENZA: From the city of Cosenza.
COSTANTE, COSTANTINI, COSTANZI, COSTANZO: From the first name Costante and its variations
CRESCENTINO, CRESCENZA, CRESCENZO: From the first name Crescenzo, deriving from the latin verb "crescere" = to grow up
CRISANTE, CRISANTI, CRISANTO: From the first name Grisanto or Crisanto, deriving from the Greek word "Chrysanthos" = gold flower
CRISCIO, CRISCI: From the first name Crescenzo, deriving from the latin verb "crescere" = to grow up
CRISTOFANI, CRISTOFARO, CRISTOFERI, CRISTOFOLI, CRISTOFORI: From the first name Cristoforo, deriving from the latin "Christoforus" = who carries Christ
CROCE, CROCETTI, CROCI, CROCIANI: In origin a first name given to the people belonging to the Christian religion
CROGNALE, CROGNALI: From the Latin word "corneolus", the name of cornel plant.
CROGNALETO : Originary of Crognaleto, province of Teramo
CROSARA, CROSATO, CROSE, CROSETTO, CROSIO, CRUCIATO: From Croce, name given to the people belonging to the Christian religion
CUORVO : See Corvo
CURRADI, CURRADO: See Corrado
CURTI, CURTO: From the adjective "corto", short; used as a nickname to indicate a short person